An appliance is designed to do a maximum performance at all times. They are working hard every time they are used year after year. If you are lucky with the quality of the appliance, you will not experience any kinds of problems using them. People use them in their daily needs, but they are quickly taken for granted.
When a device breaks down and you do not know how they work, or you do not have an idea why it is not working, you will be at a loss. And the worst part is, you do not know how to fix them. What is the best thing you can do in this situation? You can hire a professional to do the appliance troubleshooting for you, or if you want to save money, you can try to fix them by yourself.
In this article, we will talk about all the information that people need to know on how to pull an appliance apart and put them back together. But before you get all your screwdrivers and pliers and start attacking your microwave oven, let us get some information on the big devices.
A lot of devices operate on your house’s electrical system: They work on AC. Small devices usually work on a 110 to 120-volt circuits, and traditionally they have a two blade plug Major or a large appliance like split-type air conditioning, ranges or dryers usually requires a higher voltage: 220 to 240 volts and they can’t be operated on lower volt circuits. Big devices are traditionally wired with grounding wires; they have a pronged, two-bladed plug.
This kind of devices needs to be plugged into a grounded socket (one with an opening to accept a two-plated plug and a grounding prong). You can also use a grounded socket with special adapter plugs. Most, if not all appliances are appropriately labeled with their power requirements in volts, watts or amps, either on the casing or on the metal plate. A small device like radio, gaming consoles, kitchen gadgets or small television is relatively simple machines.
To know about the difference between alternating current and direct current, you can visit https://www.diffen.com/difference/Alternating_Current_vs_Direct_Current for more information.
They usually consist of a fan, a heating element, set of blades or a rotating beater attached to the drive shaft. Some of them have at least two to three simple mechanical linkages. Repairing these things are usually very simple.
On the other hand, a big appliance like big ovens, washing machines, dryer or air condition units is a lot more complicated.
A device like a washing machine has a timer, a pump and a motor, not to mention the different valves, solenoids and switches. With this kind of appliance, issues may occur in either the power or mechanical components not in the control devices.
Failure in the control device can affect the operation, or in worst cases, it can make the appliance useless. A problem in the power or mechanical device can only affect the operation that depend on the devices with issues. When an item breaks down, you need to know how to find the main cause of the issue is as important as knowing the solution to the problem.
Because big devices are very complex, sometimes, it is very hard to find what the problem really is. Some devices that include electronic diagnostics can be explained from the manual. The first thing you need to do is decide whether the issue is mechanical or in control.
For example, if your dryer broke down, you need to find out whether the problem is in control (which governs the heat) or the mechanical component (which runs the drum). If the drum of the dryer turns perfectly fine but does not heat, the problem is in its control system. If the device heats up, but its drum does not spin, the issue is with its mechanical components. This type of analysis can be used to point out the kind of failure in all big devices.
To know what devices to use when doing an electronic tests, click here.
Repairing major devices
There are important rules you need to follow when you are trying to repair an appliance. Do not try to save money and time by disregarding these rules. You will just waste a lot of money and time and will end up hurting yourself or breaking the device permanently if you ignore it.
Always make sure that the gas or power supply is disconnected before you troubleshoot the device for any problems or start your repair. If you turn the gas or the power on to check the appliance after you are done repairing them, make sure that you do not touch it.
Turn the power on and observe without touching it. If you need to adjust something, turn the gas or the electricity back off. If the parts are held by screw, plugs or bolts, you can probably make the needed repairs. If they are welded or held together by rivets, you better call professional repair services.
Do not forget to check the manual for any tips. A lot of manufacturers include practical solutions or problem troubleshooting charts. If the device does not include a manual, you need to get one from the manufacturer’s customer service center.